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AOC & Hawkeye Manufacturing Innovate Spa Production

March, 2013: Collierville, TN

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AOC & Hawkeye Manufacturing Innovate Spa Production
AOC,LLC & Hawkeye Manufacturing Innovate Spa Production

Resin supplier AOC and spa producer Hawkeye Manufacturing collaborated to produce one of the largest, most complex single-piece spa liners on the market. The Bossetti combination spa and hot tub from Barefoot Fitness Spas is a 2,000-gallon tub with seating for up to five adults. Features include 37 stainless-steel spa jets, six adjustable-flow swim jets, flow fountains and a waterfall. Named after an exotic Argentine waterfall, the spa offers a variety of options—from a family relaxation session to resistance exercises.

AOC & Hawkeye Manufacturing Innovate Spa Production
AOC & Hawkeye Manufacturing Innovate Spa Production

Hawkeye Manufacturing's workforce uses AOC materials technology and technical support to ensure the quality and durability of this product. "With a unit this large, we had to be right the first time," declared Casey Murray, Vice President for Hawkeye Manufacturing. "The unit's size makes it difficult—and more expensive—to transport and install. Any issues in the field would create an enormous cost."

Hawkeye Manufacturing starts with a sheet of acrylic that is heated and vacuum-formed into the shape of the spa's smooth, seamless uni-liner. After mastering the technique for forming the large, complex Bossetti liner, the next challenge was developing a protocol for the fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) structural composite back-up.

According to Murray, the major concerns for the composite manufacturing step were:

  • Precisely controlling the composite thickness variations that are needed for the complex liner,
  • Controlling the exothermic heat generated during composite cure to prevent temperature spikes that could distort the liner shape, and
  • Ensuring an extremely strong adhesion between the composite and liner.
AOC & Hawkeye Manufacturing Innovate Spa Production
AOC & Hawkeye Manufacturing Innovate Spa Production

Murray said Hawkeye Manufacturing found the right solutions with help from AOC Sales Representative Berk Pleasants. "Berk has been our 'go-to' person for composites technology for about twenty years. We ran AOC's recommendations by the acrylic supplier and received confirmation that the composite and acrylic liner were compatible."

The first step for the back-up composite is the application of a skin coat consisting of chopped glass fibers and high performance Altek® H100 vinyl ester. This technique is similar to that used in boat building and serves the same purpose, to prevent moisture from reaching and affecting the integrity of the thicker composite structure. The vinyl ester also provides excellent adhesion between the composite and acrylic. To finish the back-up laminate, Hawkeye technicians apply chopped fiber in Altek® C949 polyester.

"This spa is larger than anything we have ever produced before," Murray stated. "The consistency of AOC resins and outstanding AOC technical support were essential to helping us reach this milestone."

About Hawkeye Manufacturing

With corporate offices in Richmond, Virginia, USA, Hawkeye Manufacturing Inc. is the largest spa producer in the Eastern United States. Hawkeye Manufacturing's waste reduction and recycling policies earned recognition from the State of Virginia Department of Environment Quality. The company's product development and quality control standards earned a Five-Star "Best of Class" rating for industry media leader For more information about Hawkeye Manufacturing products, phone 804-231-7727 or email

About AOC

AOC is a leading global supplier of resins, gel coats, colorants, additives and synergistic material systems for composites and cast polymers. AOC knows technology, lives quality and delivers service better than any other resin supplier. For more information, phone Leslie Beck at 901-854-2318 or email

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